江苏省丹阳中学等三校2018届高三下学期期初联考英语试卷

高中英语知识点句法定语从句词法名词名词词义辨析动词的时态一般现在时单项选择

【选择题】认真阅读题目,在每题给出的选项中,选择正确的答案。

【题目1】This is the only bus ________ goes to the village school.

A. which   B. that

C. where   D. /


【题目2】I wish to thank Professor Smith, without ________ help I would never have got this far.

A. who   B. whose

C. whom   D. which


【题目3】Recently I bought a second­hand car ________ was very low.

A. which price   B. the price of whose

C. its price   D. whose price


【题目4】The minister refused for reasons of _______ rather than religion to sign a new law legalizing abortion.

A. comprehension   B. conscience   C. consequence   D. conservation


【题目5】—Tu Youyou proves with hardships _______ great honor.

—Sure. Opportunities favour the prepared mind.

A. comes   B. will come   C. is coming   D. are coming

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【答案1】B

【解析】考查定语从句。句意:这是唯一一辆开往乡村学校的公共汽车。________ goes to the village school. 是一个定语从句,修饰先行词bus,在定语从句中,当先行词被the only所修饰时,用that,选B。


【答案2】B

【解析】B

解析 句意为:我想要感谢史密斯教授,没有他的帮助我就不会走得这么远。whose是关系代词,引导定语从句,表示“……的”。考生容易误选C项,因为只看到了without whom语意上相当于without Professor Smith,而忽略了题干中的help。若选C项的话,可去掉题干中的help。


【答案3】D

【解析】考查定语从句。句意:最近我买了一辆价格非常便宜的二手车。________ was very low.

是一个定语从句,修饰先行词a second­hand car,关系词在从句中作定语,修饰price,所以选D。


【答案4】B

【解析】考查名词。A. comprehension理解;   B. conscience意识,良心;   C. consequence结果,重要性; D. conservation保持,保护。部长出于良心而不是宗教拒绝签署一项新法律合法失败。根据句意可知答案为B。


【答案5】A

【解析】考查时态。上句:屠呦呦证明了艰辛会变成伟大的荣誉。下句:当然,机会偏爱有准备的头脑。根据句意可知句子用一般现在时态,故答案为A。

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